The Guide to Aromatherapy


Aromatherapy has been around and has been practiced in one form or another since the beginning of civilization. It is the art, and science, of using oils extracted from aromatic plants to enhance health and beauty. Apart from the physical benefits, essential oils can have subtle effects on the mind and emotions. The essential oils taken from plants and used in Aromatherapy have been described as their "life force" — they are essential to the plants' biological process, as well as being the substance which gives them their scent. Synthetic oils, even if chemically similar, will lack all the natural elements, and that vital life-force, that make essential oils so valuable therapeutically.

Another reason why synthetic oils are not acceptable is that the minor Constituents are never identical. The addition of synthetic chemicals is not normally disclosed in the essential oil business, so unless there is a declaration that the oils are natural, pure and unadulterated, assume otherwise.

Essential oils are extracted from flowers; herbs; spices; woods and fibers, usually by distillation, expression and solvent extraction. Solvent extraction is only acceptable for aromatherapy if the solvent used is completely removed after the manufacturing process

How to Use the Oils

Think of the Whole Person

This is the most effective method of using the oils, combining their properties with the therapeutic power of touch. The skin absorbs the oil over a large surface area and because there are many small blood vessels, (capillaries), close to the surface of the skin, the oils, diluted to 5% in a carrier oil, are carried into the blood stream and then to the relevant parts of the body quickly and effectively.

The oils should not be used undiluted, but should be diluted with an odorless carrier oil, (see section on carrier/base oils), such as grape seed, sweet almond or peach kernel. A dilution of 3% essential oil to carrier oil is a recommended starting point. (Less if using on sensitive skin such as babies). This is approximately one drop essential oil to two milliliters of carrier oil. (Six drops in two teaspoonfuls). But in all cases less can be definitely more!

Using oils in baths is a simple, effective and pleasant way to relax and receive the therapeutic effects. Water itself has therapeutic value which enhances the powers of the oils. To use, add six to ten drops of essential oil, (or a blend), to the surface of the water which has already been run, add no other substances, e.g. foam or bath oil, then immerse yourself for about 20 minutes. The heat of the water aids absorption through the skin, whilst you inhale the vapor. (Again reduce the amount of oils used in baths for babies).

Take care with plastic baths as some oils may cause staining.

Add five to ten drops of essential oil to I00ml of warm water then soak a piece of clean cotton in the water, wring out the excess and place the cloth on the affected part.

Add five to ten drops of essential oil into a bowl of steaming water, then place a towel over your head and the bowl and inhale the vapor for a few minutes.

All essential oils are antiseptic and evaporate easily, so they make very good air-fresheners. Different oils create different atmospheres, so experiment! For example, relaxing Sandalwood or Clary Sage are good for parties; or Peppermint clears your mind when you need to work. There are many vaporizers on the market, from the simple bowl of water on the radiator with a few drops of oil on the surface, to vaporizer light bulb rings and specially made vaporizer bowls which sit above candle holders. There is even the "Aromastone"TM which is an effective electric vaporizer dispensing fragrance from a low heat source, thereby making the water and the oils last longer than usual.

The best way of dispersing essential oils is to use a diffuser or the AromastreamTM, as most other forms of vaporizer drive off the most volatile "high notes" first, leaving the slowly evaporating "base notes" to linger.

I personally believe that vaporizing rings on light bulbs should be used cautiously, though I have not heard off anyone having a fire through using one.

Make your own distinctive "Natural" perfume by blending different oils. (Many commercial perfumes use synthetic concoctions for their scent.) Try experimenting with different combinations, which can be mixed with a carrier oil or non-fragrant alcohol.

Storing Essential Oils
Because essential oils are affected by sunlight they should be sold and stored in dark glass bottles, with stopper caps. Make sure that the cap is on securely and the bottle stored up-night in a cool dark place. The oils should be stored out of sight and the touch of children. Remember that children, especially small ones, are very inquisitive. Never store essential oils in plastic bottles. Good Essential oils should keep for several years if properly stored, though the oils of orange, lemon and lime will not keep as long. Patchouli is at the other extreme and actually gets better as it ages.

Mixing Essential Oils
It is strongly recommended that you use a dropper so that you can measure The actual number of drops easily. Use a different dropper for each oil to avoid cross contamination.

The Droppers supplied in bottles should be in different sizes according to the viscosity of the different oils. Good internal droppers have a grove on one side. With the grove uppermost you will get a "slow drip", with the grove downward you will get a "fast drip".

Descriptions of Essential and Carrier Oils and Some Uses

Allspice — Berry Pimenta Officinalis (Family, Myrtaceae)

Its spicy scent often used in potpoumis. and used to flavor beverages, sweets and other foods. warming, cheering, sense enhancing. Warning: Avoid use in Sun.

Almond — (sweet) Prunus amygdalus, P. dulcis (Family, Rosaceae)

Obtained from the Nut of the tree and native to Asia and the Mediterranean this oil is a favorite Carrier oil for Essential oil aromatherapy blends. It is used in itself for moisturizing skin.

Ambrete — seed Abelmoscyhus moschatus AKA Hibiscus abelmoschus (Family, Malvaceae)

Perfume Note: Middle

This has a sweet, floral musky, aroma which gets better after a few months of storage, and works well with many other oils. Used in Muscle aches and pains related to fatigue and poor circulation. Can be used as an anti-depressant

Amyris — Amyris balsamifera, Schimmelia olelfera (Family, Rutaceae)

Perfume Note: Middle/Base

Calming and an aid to stress relief It has sedative properties and helps meditation. AKA Sandalwood Amyris

Angelica Root — Angelica archangelica, A. officinalls (Family, Apiaceae [Umbelleferae])

Perfume Note: Top

A warm, musky, earthy aroma with excellent staying power. Only small Quantities are needed to create an effect in a Perfume. Aromatherapy: anchoring, restorative, strengthening, used for depression. Oil can also come from the seed. Warning: Avoid use in Sun.

Aniseed — Illicium Verum (Family, Illiciaceae)

The seeds of aniseed have long been used as an aid to digestion. The Essential oil has a sweet, fresh aroma and can be used for any cramping, indigestion, or Digestive problems, (though not internally), and for spasmodic coughs. AKA Star Anise Warning: Do not use Aniseed during pregnancy.

Anise — Pimpinella Anisum, Anisum officinalis (Family, Apiaceae [Umbelliferael)

Perfume Note: Middle

Cheering, sense enhancing, mildly euphoric. Added to perfumes for a rich, sweet fragrance. Aids relaxation and emotional balance. Warning: Could cause skin problems in the very sensitive.

Apricot — Kemal Armeniaca Vulgaris, Prunis armeniaca (Family, Rosaceae)

This nut oil, from Asia, is another oil used as a carrier. Believed to be good for the skin.

Arjowan — Trachyspermuni ammi, T. copticum (Family, Apiaceae)

Good for circulation and muscular problems. Warning: Due to slight toxicity use sparingly, especially if you have sensitive skin.

Avocado — Persea amenicana, Persea gratissima (Family, Lauraceae)

This oil is added to carrier oils, up to 20% as an aid to skin moisturizing.

Warning: May be toxic in large amounts

Babassu — Orbignya barbosiana (Family, Arecaceae)

From the Amazon this Palm tree is used for many purposes. The oil is from the nut and may be used as a carrier oil. This soothing oil has been used for stretch marks.

Balsam — Peru Myroxylon balsamum var. pererae (Family, Fabaceae Legumunosae])

Perfume Note: Base

Used on chafed skin to soothe. Exotic aroma, anchoring, strengthening and imparts a rich, earthy scent to perfumes.

Basil — Osimum Basilicum (Family, Labiatae)

Perfume Note: Top

Invigorates body and spirit: helps refresh the mind allowing concentration, especially when tired. A good nerve tonic after a stressful day. It has a sweet liquorices-like fragrance. Blends well with Lavender, Bergamot, Clary Sage and Geranium. Warning: Do not use Basil during pregnancy, can be a skin irritant.

Also East Indian Basil, (0. gratissmium) and Hairy Basil (0. Canum) and lots more.

Bay Leaf — Pimenta Racemosa (Family, Myrtaceae)

Uplifting. A good scalp and hair tonic, and for Respiratory disorders and depression. Can be stimulating to the memory. Warning: Bay can be a skin irritant, so must be used with care.

AKA West Indian Bay. Laurel AKA Sweet Bay. (Laurus noblis) is also a Bay.

Beechnut — Fagus grandifolia, F. sylvatica (Family, Fagaceae)

A soothing oil from the nut is used as a carrier.

Ben Moringa — olelfera, M. pterygosperma (Family, Moningaceae) From the seeds this oil is used in skin care.

Benzoin — tincture Styax benzoin (Family, Styacaceae)

Perfume Note: Base

Soothes, stimulates, comforts and warms. Add to carrier oil/cream for protecting skin against chapping or cracking.

AKA Mars Balsam. Other Oils; Balsam of Tolu (Myroxylon balsamum), Balsam of Peru (M. balsamuni var, Pereirae), Styrax (Liquidamber onientalis).

Bergamot — Citrus Bergamia (Family, Rutaceae)

Perfume Note: Top

Relaxes and refreshes and is good for confidence building. Uplifts the spirit and emotions with its delicious fresh and invigorating citrus fragrance. Useful for caring for oily and blemished skin. Lovely light citrus aroma. Use in vaporizer to disperse unpleasant odorous. It is familiar to many as the flavoring in Earl Gray Tea. Warning: Do not apply to the skin before going out into the sun! It can increase the susceptibility of the skin to severe burning.

A bergapten free Bergamot is available which reduces the susceptibility to photosensitizing.

Birch — Sweet Betula lenta (Fanuily, Betulaceae)

This has a sweet, bracing aroma. It is said to be effective on arthritic and muscular pain and can be a stimulant to the circulation, but is rarely used in Aromatherapy. Warning: Is slightly toxic and smells like Sweets. Keep secure.

Birch, White. Betula alba (Family, Betulaceae)

Can help to clear the skin and help with psoriasis and eczema. Believed to assist in removing toxins and boosting the circulation.

Black Current Seed and Bud Rives — nigruni (Family, Grossulaniaceae)

This Asian and European plant provides oil from the seeds and the buds, the seed oil is used as an up to 20% carrier oil addition and bud oil is a very expensive ingredient for perfumery and in foods. The seed oil has been used in PMS problems. The berry is a very high source of Vitamin C.

Black Pepper — Piper Nigrum (Family, Piperceae)

Perfume Note: Middle

With a pungent aroma it stimulates and tones. Warming oil during the cold Winter season. Ideal for massaging on abdomen and muscles. Use in pre-sports or dance rub to help maintain suppleness. One of the earliest used spices, Interesting effects happen when it is used in perfume blends. It blends well with Rose, Rosemary, Marjoram and Lavender, but should only be used in small amounts. Warning: Black Pepper can be a skin irritant, so must be used with care.

Borage — Borago officinalls (Family, Boraginaceae)

From the seeds this oil is high in GLA (gamma-linoleic acid), reputed to slow down the skins aging processes. It issued as part of a carrier oil to 25%

Brazil nut — Bertholletia excelsa (Family, Lecythidaceae)

Another nut carrier oil from the Amazon. As it is libel to become rancid quickly this oil needs special attention to storage in a dark cool place.

Cajaput Melaleuca — Cajaputi (Family, Myrtaceae)

Perfume Note: Top

Improves mood, increases resistance to infections. A good 'unwinding' oil. Can be used in a Steam inhalation to help clear the nasal passages, also helpful when treating oily skin and spots. Warning: Cajaput is a stimulant and an irritant and must be used with care.

Calendula — Calendula officinalis (Family, Asteraceae)

Good for skin infections, wounds, rashes, bites and inflammations. Also used for other inflammations, e.g. hemorrhoids and Rheumatism. (See also Marigold.)

Calophyllum — Calophyllum inophullum (Family, Guttiferae)

This Asian nut yields a high percentage of its weight as an oil. Sometimes used as a carrier oil though it is quite thick in consistency.

Camphor — White Cinnamon Camphor (Family, Lauraceae)

Can be used to care for oily or spotty skin and also as an insect repellent. Also used in detergents, soaps, disinfectants, deodorants, room sprays etc. Warning: Camphor should be used sparingly and completely avoided by those suffering from epilepsy.

Canola — (rapeseed)Brassica napus (Family, Brassicaceae)

From the seeds of the plant this oil is used in cooking and as a carrier. The original species contained up to 40% erucic acid which was harmful to the Thyroid, Kidneys and other internal organs. The modem genetically altered species only contains about 1% of the Toxic acid.

Caraway — Camin cam (Family, Apiaceae [Umbelliferae])

An oil sometimes included in "Love Potions". Can help circulation and intestinal problems. Good for the skin and decreases bruising. Warning: Can be irritating on some skins.

Cardamom Seed — Elettaria Cardomuni (Family, Zingiberaceae)

Perfume Note: Top

The sweet, spicy, warming fragrance of cardamom has been enjoyed since the days of the ancient Egyptians, who used it as a perfume and incense. It can be used as an aid to digestion and makes an excellent bath oil as a tonic which refreshes and invigorates. Also use a lot, sparingly, in cooking and also perfumes.

Carrot seed and root — Daucus — CaTota (Family, Apiaceae [Umbeliferael)

Perfume Note: Middle

From the seed, this essential oil has the same sweet, earthy fragrance of the vegetable. Considered to be particularly beneficial for dry, mature skin-types and will can help to restore elasticity to the skin and could therefore reduce wrinkles. The root oil is used in food coloring, (yellow), and in sun tan lotions.

Cashew nut — Anacardium occidentale (Family, Anacardlaceae)

This oil from Latin America and Asia is added as 20% to carriers

Cassia — Cinnamomum cassia (Family, Lauraceae))

Perfume Note: Middle(only room scent)

Distinctly spicy like cinnamon bark. Used to flavor all kinds of food and toothpaste, mouthwash and chewing gum. Warning Cassia is very irritating to the skin and can cause an allergic reactions.

Castor — Ricunus communis (Family, Euphorblaceae)

Native to India, Castor has been used for centuries. Eating the nuts can be fatal, one to five nuts can kill a child. The oil is extracted at a low temperature to keep the Ricin from being in the oil. Used as an analgesic, clearing blackheads and for dandruff.

Cedarwood — Juniperus Mexicana Schelde (Family, Pmaceae)

Perfume Note: Base

With a woody balsamic aroma. It is used in Perfumes to add body and a warm note to any blend. And as Cedarwood Virginia therapeutically.

Cedarwood — Virginia Juffliperus Virginiana (Family, Cupressaceae)

Perfume Note: Base

Soothes and harmonizes. Recognized as a therapeutic oil from ancient times. An astringent oil useful for protection and caring for oily and blemished skin, and as an inhalant relieves mucous coughs and colds. Helps to combat cellulite, use in wardrobe to repel moths. It makes a pleasant warm and woody room fragrance, the Tibetans use it as temple incense. Warning: Use Cedarwood during pregnancy only in moderation.

Celery Seed — Alpium graveolens (Family, Apiaceae [Umbelliferae])

A sweet spicy aroma. It may stimulate milk flow, balance hormones, relieve Liver and elimination system problems.

Chamomile — German Matricaria Charnomilla or M. recutia (Family, Asteraceae [Compositae])

Perfume Note: Middle

An Absolute. German chamomile AKA blue chamomile or chamomile maffican a. The blue color is from azulene which is formed during the distillation of the oil. The odor is sweet and adds a warm, long-lasting undertone in perfumes. All the Chamomiles are used in massage oils and herbal mixtures.

Chamomile — Roman Chamaemelum nobile or Anthernis noblis (Family, Asteraceae [Compositae])

Perfume Note: Middle Illustration by Diana Lambourne

Well known for its strong soothing effect on mind and body. The Roman is more expensive but superior to the Moroc. They are excellent for protecting dry skin. They have many uses e.g. can be used to treat nerve, headache, insomnia, menstrual disorders and the Roman is a comforting oil during high pollen count. A gentle oil suitable for the young and fragile. One of the few essential oils that can be used on inflamed skin conditions. Blends well with Lavender, bergamot, Jasmine, neroli, and clary sage. Read the Aromatherapy books for their veined uses.

Cinnamon — Cinnamomurn Zeylanicum (Faimily, Lauraceae)

Perfume Note: Middle (only room scent)

Warms and stimulates. A strong antiseptic, it has a cleansing effect. Used as a comforting oil during the cold season, A lovely room fragrance, especially during Xmas. Warning: Cinnamon is a powerful irritant and must not be used on the skin.

Citronella — Cymbopogon Nardus (Family, Poaceae [Gramineae])

Perfume Note: Top

Light, fresh and uplifting oil, is a natural deodorizer, also useful as an insect and cat repellent.

Clary Sage — Salvia Sclerea (Family, Larmiaceae [Labiatael)

Perfume Note: Top/Middle

Soothes, relaxes and warms. uplifts the spirit. Contains a hormone-like compound similar to estrogen that regulates hormonal balance. Massage on muscles and on abdomen before and during menstruation. Induces feeling of well-being. Can provoke dramatic and colorful dreams, helpful with oily hair and skin, dandruff and treating wrinkles. Sensual properties. Warning: Do not use during pregnancy. Do not drink alcohol or drive.

Clove — Syzygium aromaticum or Eugenia caryophyllata (Family, Myrtaceae)

Perfume Note: Middle (room scent only)

An antiseptic and stimulating oil useful in mouthwash and gargle. Comforting rubbed onto gums, traditionally used to relieve toothache. Could be an effective mosquito repellent. Warning: Clove is a powerful skin irritant and should be used carefully. Do not use during pregnancy.

Coriander — Coriandum sativam (Family, Apiacea [Umbelliferae])

Perfume Note: Top

A sweet-smelling, spicy essence. It makes a good massage blend to relieve Stiffness and muscle ache. In the bath it is refreshing and stimulating.

Cumin — Cuminum cyminun (Family, Apiaceae [Umbelliferae])

A sharp, spicy aroma. May be used for those who have mental or physical exhaustion. Could stimulate the metabolism of those who are obese and/or have excessive fluid. Warning: May be slightly photosensitizing or irritating to some skins.

Cypress — Cupressus sempervirens (Family, Cupressaceae)

Perfume Note: Middle

With its smoky woody fragrance it refreshes, restores and tones. An astringent oil useful for refreshing and caring for oily and blemished skin, As an antiperspirant it is good for sweaty feet. Massage on abdomen during menstruation and where there is cellulite. Good menopausal oil. Natural deodorant. Blends well with Lavender and Sandalwood.

Dill — Anethum graveolens Apiaceae [Umbelliferae])

Some say can reduce appetite, and, with fennel and baking soda, is a constituent of "Gripe Water".

Eucalyptus — Eucalyptus Globulus (Family, Myrtaceae)

Perfume Note: Top

Powerful antiseptic, widely used in baths and massage during the cold season. Blend oil in chest rubs and use in a vaporizer to keep air germ free in sick room. Blends well with Lavender and Pine.

There are many more Eucalyptus oils, including; Australian Eucalyptus, (E. australina); Lemon Eucalyptus, (E. citriodora); Dives or Broad-Leaved Peppermint, (E. dives); Peppermint Eucalyptus, (E. piperita); Blue Mallee (E. polybractea); Gray peppermint, (E. radiata); Cully Gum, (E. smithii) and more.

Evening Primrose — Centhera biennis

Rich in GLA, vitamins and minerals. Excellent for face and body massage blends, especially to combat dry, revitalized skin and eczema, used by PMT sufferers, internally in small amounts, to ease the symptoms.

Fennel — Foeniculum vulgare (Family, Aplaceae [Umbelliferae])

Perfume Note: Top/Middle

Has a sweet aniseed-like aroma which makes it pleasant for skin care. For massage where there is cellulite and for the digestive system, especially the dreaded wind. Good for breast firming massage and to promote milk production, use sparingly. Warning: Fennel can be a skin irritant. Do not use it on young children. Do not use if pregnant. Do not use if suffering from epilepsy.

Fir Needle — Ables Alba (Family, Pinaceae)

Perfume Note: Middle

A Fresh spicy scent. A few drops will remind you of the fir forests. A festive aroma for a freshly cut Christmas tree. Warning Dilute well. It can be a skin irritant.

Also: Canadian Balsam, (A. balsainea); Siberian Fir, (A. sibenica); Hemlock, (Tsuga canadensis); Pine q.v.; Black Spruce, (Picea maniana); Terebinth, (P. Palustris and others).

Frankincense — Boswellia Thurifera or B. carteri (Family, Burseraceae)

Perfume Note: Base

Also known as "Olibanum" B. papyrifera. Soothes, warms and aids meditation. Ithas been used for centuries, and burnt on alters and in temples. "Creates a 'spiritual' atmosphere". Comforting oil, by slowing down breathing and controlling tension it helps to focus the mind. Excellent for toning and caring for mature/aging skin. (claimed to have rejuvenating qualities [the Egyptians used it in rejuvenation face-masks.]) Elemi (Canarium luzonicum) is related.

Galbanurn — Ferula galbaniflua Apiaceae)

Used more in food flavoring but may aid mature skin types and assist in clearing congested breathing.

Geranium — Pelargonium Graveolen (Family, Geraniaceae)

Perfume Note: Middle to Top Illustration by Diana Lamboume

A balancing oil for the mind and body. A fresh, floral and sweet smelling oil it relaxes, restores and maintains stability of the emotions. An astringent oil excellent for all skin types. Used in skin care products for both its fragrance and cleansing properties. Useful insect repellent. For massage where there is cellulite and treating eczema and psoriasis. Blends well with other floral oils, and, mixed with Lavender and Bergamot produces a delightful room freshener.

Ginger — Zingiber Officinalis Zingiberaceae)

Perfume Note: Top

Fiery and fortifying. Comforting oil and for massaging on the muscles. Good for nausea and sickness. Blend with orange for warming winter baths. Blends especially well with orange and other citrus oils.

Grapefruit — Citrus Paradisi (Family, Rutaceae)

Perfume Note: Top

Refreshes and uplifts the spirit. Lovely fresh aroma which can help with nervous exhaustion. it relieves congested and oily skin, having a toning effect on both skin and tissues. For this reason it is a good oil to use when treating cellulites. Warning: Do not use Grapefruit on the skin in direct sunlight.

Hyssop — Hyssopus Officinalis (Family, Lamiaceae [Labiatae])

Sacred to the Greeks and the Hebrews where Hyssop brooms were used to clean out sacred places. Warm and Vibrant, can promote alertness and clarity of thought. When used in a fragrancer can protect rooms from infection. Used to treat colds and flu, helps heal bruised skin. Warning: Powerful oil not to be used when pregnant, suffering from epilepsy, or high blood pressure.

Jasmine — Absolute Jasminum Officm'ale or J Grandiflorum (Family, Oleaceae)

Perfume Note: Base Illustration by Diana Lamboume

Emotionally warning. Relaxes, soothes, uplifts and helps self confidence. Good for stress and general anxiety. Perfect skincare oil, excellent for hot, dry skin. Sensual properties and reputedly an Aphrodisiac!. Only needs to be used in very small quantities. Exquisite perfume. A vast quantity of blossoms, which must be gathered at night when their scent is at their highest, are required to produce only a few drops of oil, so it is a very expensive oil.

Juniper — Jumperus Communis (Family, Cupressaceae)

Perfume Note: Middle Illustration by Diana Lambourne

Tones and stimulates. an antiseptic and astringent oil for bath and massage where there is cellulite. Restores psychic purity. Fresh woody aroma. Has a cleansing effect on the body, used in many masculine perfumes, after shaves and colognes, and has a calming effect on the emotions. Reputed to strengthen the immune system. And don't forget the Gin! Warning: Juniper should not be used when pregnant.

Lavender — Lavendula Angustifolium Lamiaceae [Libiatae])

Perfume Note: Middle to Top Illustration by Diana Lamboume

Undoubtedly the most versatile and useful oil. No home should be without it. Relaxes, Soothes, restores and balances your body and mind. Calms or stimulates according to your bodies needs. Excellent for refreshing tired muscles, feet and head. Add a drop to the pillow/sheet before peaceful sleep. Treats bums and reduces scaring. Can be used neat in small amounts on bums, but care still needs to be taken. Blends happily with many other oils. Lavender has so many uses that it is recommended that further reference be made to the many books on Aromatherapy. Lavender is a Must!

Lavandin — Lavandula hybn'da (Faymily, Lamiaceae [Labiatae])

Perfume Note: Middle to Top

Lavandin is a hybrid plant, a cross between true lavender and spike lavender.

The oil has a camphoraceous, herbaceous, floral aroma. Used in many types of perfumes, soaps and detergents. Blends well with many other oils including cypress, geranium, citronella, clove, cinnamon leaf, pine, thyme and patchouli. Refreshing, purifying, gently clarifying.

Lemongrass — Cymbopogon Citratus (Family, Poaceae [Gramineae])

Perfume Note: Top

A refreshing, cleansing and stimulating tonic on the body, and added to shampoos aids in adding a shine to the hair. An antiseptic and astringent oil. Sweet powerful 'lemony' aroma which make a good refreshing and deodorizing room fragrance. Warning: Dilute to 1% and use only 3 drops in a bath as it may cause irritation of the skin.

Lemon — Citrus Limonum (Family, Rutaceae)

Perfume Note: Top

Widely used in beauty care. It cleanses, refreshes, cools and stimulates. Astringent and antiseptic oil. Useful for oily skin. Can be used to lighten dull, stained hands or to tone and condition nails and cuticles. Blends well with other oils. Warning: Do not use lemon on the skin in direct sunlight. Dilute to 1% and use only three drops in a bath as it may cause irritation of the skin.

Lime — Citrus Aurantifolia (Family, Rutaceae)

Perfume Note: Top

Acts like lemon and the other citrus oils, Nice aroma. Warning: Do not use lime on the skin in direct sunlight, however if the essential oil of lime is distilled rather that expressed, then it does not have a phototoxic effect. Dilute to 1% and use only three drops in a bath as it may cause irritation of the skin.

Mandarin — Citrus Noblis (Family, Rutaceae)

Perfume Note: Top

The fruits were once traditional gifts offered to the Chinese Mandarins — hence the name. A gentle and calming oil, good for oily skin. Known in France as "the children's remedy" for its mildness — use it in massage for the digestive system and, like Lavender, can be used in massage oil to help prevent stretch marks. Warning: Do not use Mandarin on the skin in direct sunlight.

Mangold — Tagetes(Calendula)

Tagetes Glandulifera (or T. mmuta~ T. putuh) (Family, Asteraceae [Compositae])

Perfume Note: Top

Very good anti-fungal and good for smelly feet! A rather pungent aroma so it helps to blend it with the citrus oils and Lavender.

Marjoram — Origanum Maijorama (Family, Lamiaceae [Lablatae])

Perfume Note: Middle

Used by the ancient Greeks. It soothes, comforts and warms. Useful on tired muscles and for massaging on abdomen during menstruation. Used to regulate the nervous system and treat insomnia. Add to After-Sports Rub. It is pleasant in a hot bath, especially blended with Lavender. Warning: Do not use during pregnancy. Care must be taken due to its sedative action, so use sparingly!

Marjoram, Wild — Thymus Masticina (Family, Lamiaceae [Labiatae])

Perfume Note: Middle

Used in a massage oil for sensitive skin. (Marjoram hortensis, called sweet marjoram, is the commonly used cooking herb) Warning: Avoid use if pregnant.

Melissa — Milissa Officinalis (Family, Labiatae)

Perfume Note: Middle

A popular garden herb know also as 'Lemon Balm'. Soothing but uplifting effect on mind and body. Comforting oil during the cold season and when there is a high pollen count. Large amounts, 300 pounds of fresh lemon balm plants to yield 1 OMI of oil Most oils you find are Blends. Warning: Do not use Melissa on the ski in direct sunlight. Dilute to 1% and use only 3 drops in a bath as it may cause irritation of the skin. The oil has a lemony aroma and sharp, floral-lemon flavor.

Myrrh — Commiphora Myrrha, or C. Molmol (Family, Burseraceae)

Perfume Note: Base

The sap or resin from a tree rather than a true essential oil. A smoky, mysterious oil centering, visualizing and meditative. One of the oldest-known perfume materials. Myrrh has a long history of use as incense, especially with frankincense. Add to cream for protecting against cracking and chapping in the cold. Add to gargle and mouthwash. Warning: During pregnancy use Myrrh only in moderation.

Neroli Absolute — Citrus Aurantium (Family, rutaceae)

Perfume Note: Middle Illustration by Diana Lambourne

One of the Beautiful floral oils. It soothes, relaxes, uplifts the spirit and helps maintain confidence. Exquisite aroma. Excellent skincare oil, perfect for aging, dry sensitive skin and on scars and stretch marks. Sensual properties. Is an aid to improve sluggish circulation, relieves tension, stress and anxiety, useful for apprehension like stage fright. For a really luxurious blend mix with Rose Absolute and Jasmine Absolute oils.

Niaouli — Melaleuca Viridiflora (Family, Myrtaceae)

This oil has a sweet, fresh fragrance. Strongly antiseptic, it is useful for treating acne, bolls and skin irritations. It is used as a chest rub and is good when vaporized.

Orange — Citrus Saneness (Family, Rutaceae)

Perfume Note: Top

A Pleasant winter oil — it soothes, restores and uplifts the spirit. A warming 'jolly' oil. Blend with spicy oils for cheering baths. Add to massage oil for digestive system. Believed to brighten dull complexions. Encourages sleep. Warning: Do not use on the skin in direct sunlight. Dilute to 2% and use only 4-5 drops in a bath as it may cause irritation of the skin.

Palmarosa — Cymbopogon Martina (Family, Graminaceae)

Perfume Note: Middle

It has a light, lovely floral aroma which is uplifting. It aids clarity of mind and also makes a wonderful skincare oil when mixed with Sweet Almond. It is said to stimulate cellular regeneration and it moisturizes making it particularly good for mature skin care and acne.

Parsley Seed — Petroselin W Sativum (Family, Apiaceae [Umbelliferae])

This essential oil has a warn, spicy and herby aroma. Its main use is as a Diuretic and in the treatment of urinary tract problems. Warning: Parsley oil should be used by all with great care as there can be confusion between Parsley Leaf and Parsley Seed oils which can have different affects.

Patchouli — Pogostemon Patchoull Lamiaceae [Lablatael)

Perfume Note: Base

Are you an ex-hippy or even still one, then you'll know this oil. A musky exotic oil which soothes and uplifts the spirit. Useful in protecting dry, mature or blemished skin, Sensual properties, Musky aroma lingers. Use on scalp for dandruff. Used in the East to scent lien and clothes.

Peppermint — Mentha Piperta (Family, Lamiaceae [Labiatael)

Perfume Note: Top

One of the most important essential oils. It stimulates, refreshes, cools, restores and uplifts mind and body. Add to a massage blend for the digestive system. Excellent for refreshing tired head and feet. Sniff from bottle or one drop on handkerchief to revive during travel. Add few drops to car dashboard to help stay alert, clear thinking and fresh. Blended with Rosemary and Juniper it makes an excellent morning bath. Warning: Some Aroma therapists say do not use Peppermint when pregnant. Dilute to 1% Peppermint and use no more than three drops in the bath as it may cause irritation to sensitive skins.

Petitgrain — Citrus Aurantium Rutaceae)

Perfume Note: Top Illustration by Diana Lambourne

Another oil from the same trees as Neroli/orange blossom though Pettigrain is distilled from the leaves rather than the petals. Relaxes, restores, cleanses, and uplifts the spirit. Similar properties to Neroll, it has deodorant properties and helps to relieve anxiety and stress. Lovely aroma. Good in final rinse for healthy hair, (two drops). blends well with Rosemary, Geranium, Lavender and Bergamot as well as with Orange and Neroll.

Pine — Pinus Sylvestris (Family, Pinaceae)

Perfume Note: Middle

From the needles, young twigs and cones of the Pine tree. It stimulates, refreshes and cleanses. With a strong, fresh, resinous aroma it has a powerful antiseptic quality and is widely used. It has a deodorant affect and is often used in commercial preparations. Warning: Dilute and use with care as Pine oil may otherwise cause skin irritation.

Rose Absolute — Rosa Damascena (Family, Rosaceae)

Perfume Note: Middle (The supreme "Bridging oil")

Known as the Queen of oils. With 'Feminine' properties, emotionally soothing, it tones, cleanses, uplifts the spirit and helps maintain self confidence. Excellent skincare oil, perfect for dry/mature, aging or thread veined skin. It has been renowned throughout the centuries as having Sensual and even Aphrodisiac properties. Exquisite aroma. Another Expensive oil that needs only a small amount to be affective. It can be a very sticky oil at room temperature and goes solid at relatively high temperatures, but warming in the hands or other more interesting warm places soon makes it more liquid. Seldom used in commercial products, where a cheaper synthetic is used, to the detriment of the appreciation of the properties of the real oil. Warning: Avoid using during the first four months of pregnancy.

Rose Otto — Rosa Damascena (Family, Rosaceae)

Perfume Note: Middle

A warm, intense, immensely rich fragrance. Rose oil is one of the oldest and best known of all essential oils. It is used in all types of perfumes to lend beauty and depth to the aroma. A drop or two in a massage, facial, or bath oil creates a luxurious, soothing experience. The oil is also used in skin creams, powders, and lotions. It is a romantic, creative, gently cheering oil. Warning: Avoid using during the first four months of pregnancy.

Rosemary — Rosemarinus Officianlis (Family, Larmaceae [Labiatae])

Perfume Note: Middle Illustration by Diana Lamboume

A popular oil in Aromatherapy where it revives, warms, stimulates and restores. Excellent for refreshing tired muscles, feet and mind, allowing concentration. Perfect in Pre and Post sports rubs to maintain suppleness. Helps combat water retention and cellulite. Good hair tonic. An 'Ideal pick me up'. Combats fatigue and clears stuffy atmosphere. Warning: Do not use Rosemary when pregnant, having high blood pressure, or suffering from epilepsy. It may cause irritation of the skin.

Rosewood — Aniba Rosaeodora (Family, Lauraceae)

Perfume Note: Middle/Top

Also known as Bois De Rose. A pleasant and flowery aroma. Relaxing and deodorizing. Add to massage oil to help combat tired muscles, especially after vigorous exercise. Has a steadying and balancing affect on nerves, useful during exams. A good anti-depressant and may help migraine and ward off general malaise. Due to the destruction of the hardwood rainforests where the trees come from ensure that your oil comes from Waste Plantation grown wood. Ho wood or Ho leaf can be used instead.

Sage — Salvia Officinalis (Fanuily, Lanuiaceae [Labiatae])

Perfume Note: Top

A useful regulator of the central nervous system. May help with menstrual and digestive disorders. Warning: Do not use Sage when pregnant or suffering from epilepsy.

Sandalwood Mysore — Santaluin Album (Family, Santalaceae)

Perfume Note: Base Illustration by Diana Lamboume

Musky, rich, exotic oils not initially strong aroma, but persistent, traditionally burnt as an aid to meditation and much used in religious ceremonies. Creates an exotic, sensual atmosphere with a reputation as an aphrodisiac. Excellent skincare oil. Useful for dry and damaged hair and as a body fragrance.

Spearmint — Mentha Spicata (Family, Lamiaceae [Labiatae])

Perfume Note: Top

Energizing to the mind and body. Use in bath water for it's refreshing effect. Make a facial steam of spearmint oil in a pot of boiling water to help cleanse and refine pores. It is refreshing, cooling, gently vitalizing.

Tangerine — Citrus Reticulata (Fanuily, Rutaceae)

Perfume Note: Top

A sweet tangy aroma. Used as an astringent for oily skin. Tangerine is also used in drinks and desserts. Warning: Avoid use in sun.

Tea Tree — Melaleuca Alternifolia (Family, Myrtaceae)

Perfume Note: Top Illustration by Diana Lamboume

Powerful antiseptic, anti-fungal and anti-viral. Good for acne, cold sores, warts, and burns. Ideal for vaporizing to kill germs. Useful cleansing agent for skin. Helps combat foot odor and athletes foot. Ti Tree, as it is also known, has a wide range of uses, including some aids related illnesses, and further reading is recommended. Warning: May cause irritation to sensitive skins.

Thyme — Thymus Vulgaris (Family, Lamiaceae (Labiatea)

Perfume Note: Middle

Long known since ancient times as a medicinal and culinary herb. Vaporize as a household disinfectant. It has a strong pungent aroma and is said that it can ward off rodents and get rid of fleas. Warning: Do not use Thyme when pregnant or having high blood pressure. Dilute to no more than 2% Thyme before use. It may cause irritation to sensitive skins.

Vetivert — Vetivera Zizanoides (Family, Poaceae [Grammeael)

Perfume Note: Base

Sometimes known as Vetiver. A deeply relaxing, soothing oil for the mind and body. Earthy, smoky aroma, which is more pleasant when diluted. Assists in reducing blood pressure. Sensual properties. Blends subtly with Lavender, Sandalwood and Jasmine.

Wintergreen — Gualthenia Pronicumbens (Family, (Family, Ericaceae)

A fresh, cleansing minty aroma. Warnings Hannfal or fatal if taken internally. As little as one teaspoon can be fatal if ingested by a child. Dilute well, skin irritant. Warning: Avoid if pregnant.

Yarrow — Achillea Nfillefolium (Farmily, Asteraceae [Compositael)

Perfume Note: Middle

Has sedative properties. Used for a wide variety of complaints, including chest infections, digestive problems and nervous exhaustion. The Chinese use it for menstrual problems and in Scandinavia it is used for Rheumatism. It is also used for skin complaint including acne, reducing scaring for bums and cuts.

Ylang Ylang — Cananga Odorata (Farmily, Annonaceae)

Perfume Note: Base/Middle

'Flower of flowers' and often called 'The poor person's Jasmine. A Sweet Exotic oil, long used for its sensual properties. Soothing and relaxing during times of tension and stress. Ideal for both oily and dry skins and as a hair rinse (2 drops in rinse water). Blends well with Lemon and Bergamot.

Zanthoxylum — Zanthoxylum alatum, Z. americuin, Z. rhesta (Family, Rutaceae)

This native North American plants EO is from the bemies of the tree and it used in reducing stress and nervous tension to assist in a restful sleep. A good uplifting oil. AKA Prickly Ash.

Carrier Oils for Mixing with Essential Oils

Pure Essential Oils are mostly too strong and concentrated to be used directly on our skin. So they should be diluted with carrier or base oils so that they can be rubbed or massaged onto the skin. Essential Oils can be very expensive and will not go very far when full strength, but will cover a large area when diluted and will be just as effective. Oils which are termed "Extra Virgin, Cold Pressed Oils" are the best carrier oils to use. These are the first pressed oils from a crop. The oils come from the nut or seed of the plants. Although there are hundreds of oil bearing plants only a few are produced commercially.

Also the oils which themselves have no, or a minimum of, aroma of their own are more suitable for Aromatherapy, to allow the Essential oils themselves to work properly.

Later extraction's can come from heat or solvent processes which can destroy vital trace minerals and vitamins found in the oils. It is also wise to avoid mineral oils and baby oils as well.

Sweet Almond

The first choice of many aroma therapists as it is good for all skin types. Almond oil diluted with 10% of Avocado or Wheatgerm (unless the user is allergic to wheat) is good for people with dry skin, and can help relieve itching, soreness and dryness. Never mix this oil up with the essential oil from bitter almonds as this oil is never used in aromatherapy due to the risk of prussic acid forming.


A good second choice carrier especially for those whose skin seems not to absorb other oils very quickly.

Apricot Kernel

Another good for all skin types, but especially sensitive or prematurely mature skin.

Peach Kernel

And another good for all skin types, along with Sweet Almond and Apricot Kernel oils it is a rich and nourishing oil.


Used in a 10% dilution, for rheumatic conditions, hair care and cosmetics.


Can be used 100% on all skin types.

Sunflower Seed

Can be used 100%

Sesame Seed

Used as a 10% addition to main oils. Can assist with psoriasis, eczema, rheumatism, and arthritis.


Usually deodorized for use in aromatherapy coconut oil can aid tanning and is reputed to filter the sun's rays. Can cause a rash on some people.


Used as an addition to other base oils, 10% to 25%. It is good for eczema and dry, dehydrated skin.


This Oil has an anti-inflammatory, anti-spasmodic, vulnerary (aiding healing of wounds) effect and so is very useful in its own right. The addition of essential oils enhance the effects of the oils together, (a synergistic effect). It also blends well with Hypericum.


Macerated oil from St Johns Wort. An anti-inflammatory oil. It is soothing and effective on wounds and is helpful in cases of neuralgia, sciatica and fibrositus. Blends well with Calendula.


Used 10% in a mixture. Helps eczema, psoriasis, prematurely aged skin, and slows down mixed blends of oils from deterioration.


More of a liquid wax than an oil, used as a 10% addition to other oils.

Symptoms and Oils

Therapeutic uses of Essential oils.

The following list is Just a start in your quest for the Uses of Essential oils and has been gathered from many sources and from personal experience.

The following oils may assist in alleviating the complaints featured. This is not a comprehensive list nor is it considered to be a prescription for the named complaint.


Herb — Seeds — Roots

Cough, Cold, Fever, Flatulence Indigestion


Herb — Seed Pod

Indigestion, Coughs, Bronchitis, Catarrh

Apricot Kernel Oil

From the kernel

Premature skin aging, Inflammation, Dryness use 100% minerals and vitamins

Avocado Pear Oil

From the fruit

Dry skin, Eczema, Add 10% to base oil — vitamins, protein, lecithin, fatty acids


Herb: Whole Plant

Bronchitis, Fatigue, Colds, Loss of concentration, Migraine, gout, Aches and Pains, Depression, Fainting, Mental Fatigue, Migraine, Nausea, Nervous Tension, Stimulating


Tree Leaves

Sprains, Colds Flu, Insomnia, Rheumatism, Antiseptic, Decongestant, Tonic


Tree Trunk

Conahs, Itching, Arthritis, Colds, Sedative


Peel of fruit

Fevers, Acne, Tension, Wounds, Coughs, Stress, Antidepressant Uplifting


Tree Bark

Gout, Rheumatism, Eczema, Ulcers

Black Pepper

Vine Berries

Colds, Aches, Influence, Flatulence, Rheumatism

Bois de Rose

Tree Wood

Tonic, Coughs, Headaches, antidepressant


Seed Oil

PMT, MS Menopause, Heart disease, Psoriasis, Eczema, premature aging, regenerates skin 10% dilution gamma acid, vitamins, minerals



Antiseptic, Pain Reliever, Lung Congestion, Neuralgia, Acne


Root, Seeds

Gout, Ulcers, Flatulence, Eczema, Psoriasis, Diuretic

Carrot Oil


Premature Aging, itching dryness psoriasis 10% in base oil vitamins, minerals, beta-carotene


Tree — Wood

Bronchitis, Catarrh, Acne, Arthritis, Diuretic Lung Congestion, Eczema, Encourages Sexual Response


Nervous conditions, Insomnia, antibacterial, disinfectant, anti-inflammatory teething, sunburn, psoriasis, eczema, asthma, hay fever, diarrhea, sprains, nausea, fever, depression Contain azulene (Uplifting), Toming

Chamomile Matarican a — Chamomile

Herb, Flowers, Leaves

Nerves, Migraine, Acne, Inflammation, Insomnia, Menstrual Problems, Dermatitis Eczema, Psoriasis, Inflammatory Diseases, Bums, Nervous Tension, Neuralgia, Insomnia, Contains Azulene

Chamomile Roman — Athemis Nobilis

Herb, Flowers, Leaves

Nerve, Migraine, Acne, Inflammation, Insomnia, Menstrual Problems, Dermatitis


Tree Wood

Coughs, Colds, Fevers, Rheumatism, Arthritis, Stimulating


Tree, Twigs, Leaves

Anti-viral Antiseptic, Circulatory, Heart, Digestive, Respiratory Stimulant. Antispasmodic, Aphrodisiac, anti-venom eugenol, antiseptic, Flu, Rheumatism, Warts, Coughs, Colds, Viral infections



Insecticide, Deodorant, Tonic, Stimulant


Herb Flowering Tops

Depression, Nerves, Sore Throat, Aches and Pains, Debility, Sedative, Uplifting


Antibacterial, antiseptic, analgesic, toothache, digestive problems, muscular disorders, asthma, nausea, sinusitis, sedative, nerve tension, general weakness, Antispasmodic Do not use undiluted on skin


Tree — Flower Buds

Nausea, Flatulence, Bronchitis Arthritis, Rheumatism Toothache, Diarrhea, Infections Analgesic, Antiseptic


Herb — Seeds of ripe fruit, leaves

Indigestion, influenza, Fatigue, rheumatism, Flatulence, Nervousness, Analgesic

Corn Oil


Soothing on all skins 100% protein, vitamins, minerals C


Herb — Seeds, Fruit

Indigestion, Headache, Liver Problems, Stimulant


Leaves and Shoots

Anti-viral, Astringent, Antispasmodic, Coughs, Rhemnatism, Flu, Wounds, Muscle Nerve Tens Veins


Tree — Leaves — Twig

Menopausal Problems, circulatory Conditions, Rheumatism, Colds, Whooping Cough, Nervous Tension, Hemorrhoids, Wounds, Astringent


Herb — Seeds Fruit

Flatulence, Indigestion, Constipation, Nervousness, Gastric Upsets, Headaches

Eucalyptus — distilled

Cooling, protecting, anti-inflammatory, antiseptic, antibiotic, diuretic, analgesic, deodorizing, coughs, cystitis, candida, diabetes, sunburn


Tree — Leaves Twigs

Sore Throats, Coughs, Bronchitis, Sinusitis, Skin Infections, Ulcers, Sores, Rheumatism Aches and Pains, Antiseptic, Anti-inflammatory

Eucalyptus Lemon

Tree — Leaves Twigs

Dandruff, Scabs, Sores, Candida, Asthma, Fever, Fungal infections, Skin Infections, Sore Throats

Eucalyptus Peppermint

Tree — Leaves Twigs

Ulcers, Sores, Coughs, Colds, Fever, Respiratory Problems, Viral Infections, Headaches, Flu, Rheumatism, Arthritis

Eucalyptus Radiata

Tree — Leaves Twigs

Viral Infections, Colds, Coughs, Bronchitis, Whooping Cough, Rheumatism, Muscular Strains. Antiseptic

Evening Primrose Oil

PMT, MS, menopausal problems, heart disease, psoriasis, eczema, prevents premature aging 10% gamma lineolenic acid, vitamins, minerals


Herb — Seeds

Digestive Problems, Menopausal Problems, Obesity, Constipation, Kidney Stones, Nausea Diuretic


Tree — Bark

Sores, Wounds, Fevers, Coughs, Colds, Stress, Bronchitis, Laryngitis, Nervous Conditions

Tension Plant — Bark

Bronchitis, Respiratory Problems, Swelling Inflammations, Tension, Nervous Conditions


Chilblains, cosmetic, endometriosis, menopause, diabetes, throat infections, nerve tonic, sedative, uterine and breast cancer, frostbite, infertility, antiseptic, astringent, skin toner, Adrenal Hormones, Relaxing, Uplifting, Moisturizing, Toning



Stimulating, Rheumatism, Muscular Aches, Pains, Sprains, Broken Bones, Colds, Nausea, Diarrhea, Alcoholism, Digestive Disorders


Tree — Rind

Lethargy, Tonic, Obesity, Kidney and Liver Problems, Migraine, Antidepressant, Aid in Drug Withdrawal Treatment

Grape Seed Oil

All skins 100% base oil vitamins, minerals, protein

Hazelnut Oil

From the kernel slight astringent

base oil 100% vitamins, minerals, protein


Plant — Buds and Flowers

Neuralgia, Bruising, Menstrual and Menopausal Problems, Rheumatism, Nerves, Diuretic, Sedative Analgesic


Herb — Leaves and Flowering Tops

Bruises, Rheumatism, Arthritis, Coughs, Colds, Sore Throats, Viruses, Blood Pressure, Circulation, Nervous Tension, Asthma, Tonic


Flower — Flowering Tops

Bacterial Infections, Rheumatism, Muscle Aches, Weakness, Lethargy, Depression, Respiration, Colds, Flu, Fever, Fungicide

Inula odorata



Bush — Flowers

Nervous Tension, Depression, Menstrual Problems, Laryngitis, Anxiety, Lethargy, Relaxant

Jojoba Oil

From the bean

Inflammation, psoriasis, eczema, acne, hair care, penetrates, 10% protemi, minerals, waxy collagen like substance


Tree/Bush — Bemes

Tonic for nervous system, digestive stimulant, Diuretic, Acne, Coughs, Ulcers, Fatigue, Rheumatism, Sores, Urinary Infections


Burns, prevents scabbing, antibiotic, antidepressant, sedative, immunoactive, Wounds, relaxing, Moisturizing, Antiseptic, Toning, Eczema, Tension, Insomnia, Asthma, Rheumatism, Arthritis, Bacterial Conditions, Headaches, Dermatitis, Fainting

Lemon Grass

Grass — Whole Plant

Antiseptic, Infections, Headaches, Sore Throats, Respiration, Fevers, Tonic, Insect Repellent

Lemon Oil

Tree Rind of Fruit

Antiseptic, anti acid, viruses, insect bites, tension headaches, lymphatic tonic, digestive stimulant, disperse cellulite, slimming, anti wrinkle, Diuretic, Stimulating, Anxiety, Astringent, Antiseptic, BP Vitamin C, Carotene (A) Bioflavonoids


Tree — Rind

Fevers, Rheumatism, Sore Throats, Headaches, Anorexia, Alcoholism, Depression, Anxiety Astringent, Tonic


Tree — Peel of Fruit

Indigestion, Weakness, Bacterial Infections, Gout, Rheumatism, Arthritis, Circulation


Tree — Rind

Insomnia, Nervousness, Liver Problems, Digestion, Anxiety, Tonic, Tranquilizer


Herb — Flowering Tops

Relaxing, Sprains, Bruises, Colds, Rheumatism, Intestinal, Cramps, Menstrual Problems Anxiety, Asthma, Bronchitis, Insomnia, Circulation, Muscular Disorders


Herb — Leaves

Relaxing, Nervousness, Bacterial and Fungal Infections, Diarrhea, Eczema, Sedative Cardiac Tonic


Tree — Bark/Resin

Antiseptic, Astringent, Tonic, Healing Agent, Dermatitis Coughs, Mouth and skin ulcers, Bacterial and Fungal Infections


Blossoms — Bitter Orange Tree

Antidepressant, Aphrodisiac, Antiseptic, Digestive Aid, Sedative, Bacterial Infections, Bronchitis, Diarrhea, Fungicide, Insomnia, Relaxing, Moisturizing


Leaves and stems

Melaeleuca Tree Antiseptic, Soothing Agents, Pain Reliever, Decongestant Gomenol

Bush — Leaves, Twigs

Anti-viral, Wounds, Infections, Bacterial Disease, Sore Throats, Bums, Respiration, Acne


Tree — Seed

Nausea, Vomiting, Muscle Aches, Rheumatism, Arthritis, Nervousness, Insomnia, Cardio Stimulant

Olive Oil

Rheumatic conditions, hair care, soothes 10% protein, minerals, vitamins


Tree — Rind of Fruit

Depression, Anxiety, Constipation, Nervous Conditions, Muscular Spasm, Tonic, Sedative Antiseptic


Herb — Leaves and Flowering Tops

Anti-viral, Bronchitis, Rheumatism, Respiration, Muscle Pain, Digestion

Palma Rosa


Skin infections, Anorexia, Tonic


Herb — Seeds

Nervous Conditions, Kidney Problems, Menstrual and Menopausal Problems, Sedative, Diuretic



Antidepressant, Sedative, Aphrodisiac Anxiety, Acne, Eczema, Herpes, Ulcers (Skin) "Tired Skin"


Plant — Leaves

Skin Inflammations, Fungal infections, Acne, Eczema, Dandruff, Antiseptic, Diuretic Insecticide

Peanut Oil

100% base oil protein, vitamins, minerals


Herb — Whole Plant

Inflammation, Nausea, Indigestion, Fevers, Flatulence, Headaches Migraine, Liver Problems Arthritis, Stimulant Digestive, respiration, circulation, anti-inflammatory, antiseptic, gas, flu, migraine, Fatigue, Migraine, Asthma, Bronchitis, Stimulating


Tree — Leaves, Twigs

Anxiety, Insomnia, Depression, Antiseptic, Tonic, Aids Convalescence


Tree — Berries, Twigs

Flatulence, Indigestion, Cramps, Intestinal Problems, Colds, Rheumatism, Muscular Strains, Depression, Tonic, Tranquilizer


Needles, Bark, Berries

Antiseptic, Diuretic, Stimulant adrenal glands, Bladder, Kidney, Chest infections, Infections, Fatigue, Rheumatism, Gout, Flu, Bronchitis, Muscle Pain, Diuretic, Respiration Sore Throats, Colds, Circulation, Muscle pain Turpentine


Bush — Leaves

Viral Infections, Liver Infections, Lung Infections, Respiratory Problems, Antiseptic

Red thyme




Depression, aphrodisiac, Female organ regulator, astringent, Sedative, Heart, Stomach Liver, Uterus, Nausea, Headache, Insomnia, Skin Care, Relaxing, Toning Moisturizing, Antiseptic

Rose Bulger (Bulgarian)

Bush — Flowers Petals

Anxiety, Depression, Circulatory Problems, Menopausal Problems, Antiseptic, Tonic

Rose Maroc (Morocco)

Bush — Flowers, Petals

Menstrual Disorders, Depression, Stress, Tension, Circulatory Conditions, Tonic, Sedative



Physical and Mental stimulant, muscular conditions, antiseptic, sprains, arthritis rheumatism, depression, fatigue, memory loss, migraine, flue, diabetes, hair care, Antiseptic Stimulating, Toning


Herb — Plant

Tonic, Antiseptic, Diuretic, Blood Pressure, Female Reproductive System, Sores Fatigue, Nervousness, Asthma, Bronchitis, Low Blood Pressure, Bacterial Infections, Rheumatism, Arthritis, Sprains, Fibrosis, Astringent



Antiseptic, Tonic, Aphrodisiac, Fatigue, Impotence, Relaxing, Uplifting, Acne, Cystitis, Moisturizing, Menstrual Problems, Skin Infections, Fungal and Bacterial Infections, Sedative

Sesame Oil

Psoriasis, eczema, rheumatism, arthritis 10 % dilution vitamins, minerals, proteins, lecithin, amino acids

Soya Bean Oil

100 %base oil protein, minerals, vitamins


Herb — Leaves, Flowering Tops

Flatulence, Indigestion, Intestinal Cramps, Fevers, Nausea, Colic, Hemorrhoids

Sunflower, Oil

base oil 100 % vitamins, minerals

Sweet Almond oil

From the kernel itching, soreness, dryness, inflammation use 100% Glycosides, minerals, vitamins, protein


Plant — Flowers

Fungal Infections, Skin Infections, Cuts, Sprains, Strains, Wounds, Circulation Antiseptic



Tea Tree

Tree — Leaves, Twigs

Anti-viral, Anti-fungal, Antibacterial, Antiseptic, Colds, Influenza, Cold Sores, Warts Verrucas, Inflammation, Acne, Bums, Candida, Shock, Hysteria

Thyme Red (Vulgaris)

Herb — Leaves, Flowering Tops

Bacterial Infections, Urinary Infections, Rheumatism, Lethargy, Sores, Wounds, Stimulant Tonic, Raises Immunity

Thyme Red (Vulgan's)

Thyme linalool — anti-viral, eliminates toxic wastes, whooping cough, warts, neuralgia, fatigue, acne, Hair and skin care, cooking, antiseptic powders, Fatigue, Skin Inflammation, Antiseptic Only diluted, overuse causes thyroid problems


Plant — Roots

Sedative, Calming, Nervous Conditions, Trembling, Neuralgia, Insomnia, Palpitations Sedative, Tranquilizer


Roots of Grass

Calming, Anxiety, Nervous Tension, Insomnia, Rheumatism, Muscle Relaxant, Antiseptic, Tonic


Leaves Plant — Leaves

Inflammations, Kidney Problems, Obesity, Skin Infections, Fibrosis, Rheumatism Analgesic and Liver Decongestant

Wheat germ Oil

Eczema, psoriasis, premature aging, 10% dilution protein, minerals, vitamins





Herb — Leaves, Flowering Tops

Inflammations, Cramps, Constipation, Circulation, Rheumatoid Arthritis, Menstrual Problems, Astringent


Tree — Flowers

Sedative, Antiseptic, Aphrodisiac, High Blood Pressure, Intestinal Infections, Impotence Uplifting, Moisturizing, Anxiety, Depression, Sedative, Tonic

Physical, Mental, Spiritual and Emotional


Lavender, Tea Tree

Abdominal Cramps

Lavender, Clary Sage

Accumulation of Toxins

Birch, Carrot Seed, Juniper


Bergamot, Chamomile, Geranium, Lavender, Palma Rosa, Patchouli, Sandalwood, Tea Tree

Aging Skin



Chamomile, Lavender, Melissa, Patchouli

Amenorrhea (Missing or scanty periods)

Basil, Clary Sage, Marjoram, Myrrh


Benzoin, Birch, Black Pepper, Chamomile, Eucalyptus, Ginger, Juniper


Clary Sage, Cypress, Frankincense, Lavender, Marjoram

Athlete’s Foot

Tea Tree, Myrrh


Bergamot, Chamomile, Lavender

Bronchial Infections (Including Colds, Flu and Bronchitis)

Basil, Benzoin, Caj eput, Cedar wood, Eucalyptus, Frankincense, Ginger, Immortelle, Lavender, Marjoram, Myrtle, Peppermint, Pine Needle, Sandalwood, Tea Tree, Thyme


Fennel, Lavender, Parsley Seed




Eucalyptus, Lavender, Pine Needle, Thyme


Birch, Fennel, Geranium, Grapefruit


Black Pepper, Lemon, Marjoram

Children’s Tummy Upsets


Cold Sores

Bergamot, Eucalyptus, Tea Tree, Black Pepper, Chamomile, Marjoram, Peppermint

Congested Skin

Geranium, Grapefruit


Black Pepper


Benzoin, Cedar wood, Eucalyptus, Ginger, Immortelle, Marjoram, Myrtle, Pine Needle, Tea Tree, Thyme

Cracked and Chapped Skin

Benzoin, Myrrh, Patchouli


Benzoin, Chamomile, Lemon


Bergamot, Lavender, Sandalwood


Lavender, Patchouli


Birch, Chamomile, Immortelle, Lavender, Palma Rosa


Griping pains: Cardamom Seed, Peppermint

Dry Skin

Geranium (esp. with oily patches), Sandalwood

Dysmenorrheal (Painful periods/menstrual cramps)

Basil, Chamomile, Clary Sage, Cypress, Lavender, Marjoram


Basil, Lavender, Marjoram


Bergamot, Birch, Chamomile, Immortelle, Lavender, Melissa, Patchouli


Cardamom Seed, Lime


Benzoin, Carrot Seed, Juniper, Lemon, Rosemary

Greasy Skin

Lemon, Sandalwood, Tea Tree

Hemorrhoids (Piles)

Cypress, Parsley Seed

Hair Care

Birch, Rosemary


Cardamom Seed


Tea Tree

High Blood Pressure (Hypertension)

Lavender, Marjoram, Ylang Ylang


Cardamom Seed, Chamomile, Orange

Inflamed Joints



Benzoin, Chamomile, Lavender

Insect Bites and Stings

Basil, Chamomile, Lavender, Tea Tree

Laryngitis and Sore Throats

Benzoin, Ginger, Lavender, Thyme

Leucorrhoea (White vaginal discharge)

Bergamot, Lavender, Myrrh



Menopausal Problems

Cypress, Geranium

Menorrhagia (Heavy periods)


Metrorrhagia (Bleeding between periods)


Muscular Aches and Pains

Basil, Black Pepper, Chamomile, Eucalyptus, Ginger, Grapefruit, Immortelle, Lavender, Marjoram, Rosemary


Cardanion Seed, Chamomile




Birch, Fennel

Edema/Water Retention

Birch, Carrot Seed, Fennel, Grapefruit


Geranium, Juniper, Lavender, Melissa

Poor Circulation

Black Pepper, Ginger, Pine Needle, Rosemary


Bergamot, Myrrh, Tea Tree


Bergamot, Birch






Benzoin, Birch, Chamomile, Eucalyptus, Ginger, Juniper, Lavender, Marjoram, Rosemary




Frankincense, Petitgrain, Lavender


Pine Needle

Skin Care

Carrot Seed, Cedar wood, Palma Rosa, Rosewood


Eucalyptus, Lavender

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