Gods and Goddesses
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Greek Gods and Goddesses

Aphrodite: The Goddess of sexuality, love, and beauty. She is a beautiful and often naked young woman. Sometimes she is covered, or partially covered, in a cloth. She can be seen carrying a dove of stepping out of the sea.

Apollo: The God of healing and the arts. He is young and handsome. He carried a lyre, a bow, and arrows. He drives a golden chariot.

Ariadne: Goddess of the labyrinth.

Artemis: The Goddess of the Moons, the hunt, and women. A beautiful maiden, she carries a bow and quiver of arrows. Often birds, deer, or lions accompany her.

Athena: The Goddess of wisdom. She is a beautiful and serious young woman. A warrior she wears a breastplate and helmet and carries a lance and a shield. Sometimes she has an owl with her. She is associated with the city of Athens and with the olive tree.

Calliope: Muse of epic poetry.

Clio: Muse of history.

Demeter: The Goddess of the harvest. She is an old woman and the mother of Persephone. She often weeps because she and Persephone have been separated.

Dionysus: The God of wine, the life force, and the wildness of instinct. A young man dressed in an animal skin, he carries a staff and sometimes is seen as a bull or a goat.

Eileithia: Goddess of Childbirth.

Erato: Muse of love poetry.

Eros: The Greek God of sexual attraction. He is a small and beautifully formed young man with wings. He often carries a lyre or a bow and a quiver of arrows.

Euterpe: Muse of music.

Gaia: The Mother Earth. She sits on a throne and holds many fruits, grains, vegetables often in a cornucopia. She is a mature woman and usually wears a robe. Gaia is often used in craft rituals.

Hades: The God of the underworld and of wealth. He is also king of the dead. A mature man, he wears a beard and a helmet and often is seen on a throne next to his young wife Persephone.

Hecate: The Goddess of magick and the Moon. She often carries a torch and has snakes in her hair. She can have three heads — those of the maiden, mother and crone. She can be found at the spot where three roads meet.

Helios: God of the Sun.

Hephaistos: God of sun, fire and forge.

Hera: The Goddess of women. Married to Zeus, she is the queen of the Gods. She wears a crown and carries a scepter. She is mature and beautiful.

Hermes: The God of communication, thought and travel. A beautiful, athletic young man, he wears sandals with wings, a helmet with wings, and carries a caduceus.

Hestia: Goddess of hearth and home.

Melpomene: Muse of tragedy.

Moerae: Three goddesses of fate — Clotho, Lachesis, and Atropos.

Mnemosyne: Goddess of memory, mother of the Muses.

Nike: Goddess of victory.

Pan: The God of wild places and things and of shepherds. Pan plays a set of connected pipes called panpipes. He takes a form that is half man and half goat. His legs and feet are of the goat, while his chest and upper body are that of a hairy man. He usually has horns. He is frequently invoked in Pagan rituals.

Persephone: The Goddess of the harvest, fertility, and spring. She is often seen sitting with Hades on a throne in the underworld, where she spends a number of months every year. Sometimes she carries a pomegranate. She is also called "Kore", the maiden.

Phobe: Goddess of the moon.

Polyhymnia: Muse of singing.

Poseidon: The God of water and the seas. He always carries a trident and is associated with dolphins and horses.

Psyche: Goddess of the soul.

Terpsichore: Muse of dance.

Tethys: Goddess of the sea.

Thalia: Muse of comedy.

Theia: Goddess of light.

Urania: Muse of astronomy.

Zeus: The God of the sky and the king of the gods. He is associated with rain and clouds and often carries a thunderbolt. He is married to Hera, but often falls in love with other women. He is a bearded man of great wisdom and authority.

Roman Gods and Goddesses

Apollo: God of the sun, music, poetry, fine arts, prophecy, eloquence, and medicine.

Bacchus: God of liquid spirits, fruits, and parties.

Ceres: The Goddess of the harvest. She is described in the same way as the Greek Goddess Demeter.

Cupid: God of love and passion.

Diana: The Goddess of fertility. A beautiful maiden huntress, she is associated with the Moon and the woods. She often has dogs or a stag with her. Diana is often used in craft rituals.

Fanus: God of the woodlands.

Fates: Three goddesses of destiny; daughters of the night.

Flora: Goddess of nature.

Fortuna: The Goddess of fortune and fate. She is mature and carries a cornucopia, a rudder from a ship, a sphere and a wheel.

Furies: Goddesses of vengeance.

Janus: The God of beginnings and doorways. He is a bearded man with two faces, one looks into the past, the other into the future. He can see the inside and outside of all things at the same time.

Juno: The Goddess of women and the Moon. She is married to Jupiter and is queen of the Gods. In one of her aspects, she is the Goddess of childbirth. A beautiful woman, she has dark hair and wears a robe. The cow, the peacock, and the goose are sacred to her.

Jupiter: The God of the sky and the king of the Gods. He is described in the same manner as the Greek God Zeus.

Luna: Goddess of the Moon. She appears as the Maiden, the Mother, and the Crone.

Mars: The God of war and agriculture. Dressed in armor and carrying a shield, Mars is a large man. His companion animals include a wolf, a woodpecker, and a vulture.

Mercury: The God of communication, thought and travel. He is described in the same way as the Greek God Hermes.

Minerva: Goddess of wisdom, practical arts, and war.

Neptune: The God of water and the seas. He is described in the same way as the Greek God Poseidon.

Pluto: The God of the underworld and of wealth. He is also king of the dead. He is described in the same way as the Greek God Hades.

Saturn: God of harvest and golden ages in history.

Venus: The Goddess of sexuality, love, and beauty. She is described in the same way as the Greek Goddess Aphrodite.

Vesta: Goddess of hearth, home and community.

Vulcan: God of fire, craftspeople, metalworkers, and artisans.

Hindu Gods and Goddesses

Agni: The God of Fire. He has razor-like golden teeth, three arms and seven legs. He carries flames, a pot full of water, and a trident.

Brahmn: The God of creation. He usually has four arms and four heads. He dresses in white and rides on a swan or a peacock. Sometimes he sits on a lotus blossom.

Durga: The great mother Goddess. She often rides a lion and has four arms in which she carries a drum, a sword, a trident, and a bowl filled with blood.

Ganesha: The elephant-headed God. He is the overcomer of obstacles. Besides his elephant-head, he has a potbelly. In his four arms, he carries roses, a piece of his broken tusk, a thorn, and a bowl. He often rides upon a very small rat.

Hanuman: The monkey God. His job is to tour the world singing the name of God. He has great strength and learning and is mischievous. Often he has wings. He can be a fierce warrior.

Indra: The God of war. Usually riding a horse, Indra takes the form of a golden or red man and carries a thunderbolt. Sometimes he rides a white elephant. His name means "strong".

Kali: The Goddess of Earth, Nature, and destruction. With wild dark hair, a blood-smeared body, and a protruding tongue, she wears a necklace of human skulls and often stands on her husband Shiva.

Krishna: The God of love. He takes the form of a man with blue skin. He often plays the flute.

Lakshmi: The Goddess of fortune and beauty. Always beautifully dressed, she is golden and sits on a lotus blossom.

Sarasvati: The Goddess of language and wisdom. She has six arms and three faces. She often rides a swan or sits on a lotus.

Siva or Shiva: The God of change, transformation, and destruction. He is the creator of yoga and a dancer. A man with a third eye between his eyebrows, he carries a trident and an ax.

Vishnu: The God of preservation. He is also seen as the liberator and the highest God. In his four arms he holds a club, a shell, a disk, and a lotus.

Egyptian Gods and Goddesses

Amun, Amon or Amen: The God of creation. He carries a whip and sometimes is seated in a throne, he can be depicted as a ram with a coiled cobra on his head.

Anath: Mistress of heaven, protector of the king; known for her ferocity.

Anubis: The God of the dead. He has the body of a man and the head of a jackal. Sometimes he is shown as entirely jackal.

Anukis: Goddess of water.

Apis: The black bull, symbol of fertility and the undying soul.

Aten: Sun God who turned into a monotheistic entity, then lost his footing among the other gods and goddesses.

Bastet or Bast: The Goddess of the Sun and pleasure. She has a human body and the head of a cat. She carries a rattle and wears a breastplate decorated with the head of a lion.

Bes: God of good fortune and protection of pregnant women.

Geb: The God of the Earth. He often lies beneath Nut, the Goddess of the sky. He has dark skin and sometimes wears a goose on his head.

Hathor: The Goddess of beauty, love, and pleasure. She is a woman with the horns of a cow. Sometimes all of her takes the form of a cow. She often carries a rattle.

Horus: A Solar god and avenger of evil. Horus is seen in the form of a man with the head of a falcon with the Moon as one eye and the Sun as the other. Sometimes he appears as a child standing on the back of a crocodile.

Hauhet: Goddess of boundless infinity.

Hekat: Goddess of midwifery and childbirth, associated with water.

Isis: The mother Goddess. She is associated with fertility, the Moon, magick, and resurrection. She is usually seated and sometimes holds the infant Horus.

Ius-a'as: Goddess of creation.

Ma'at: Goddess of truth.

Mehet-Weret: Goddess of sky and floods.

Merit: Goddess of music.

Min: God of roads, fertility, and agriculture; protector of travelers.

Neith: Goddess of destiny, war, and the mother of Ra; protector of the dead; bisexual.

Nekhbet: Primal mother Goddess; divine nurse.

Nephthys: The Goddess of Earth and fertility. She takes the form of a woman with a hieroglyph on her head.

Nut or Nuit: The Goddess of the sky. She is young and slim. Stars shine from within her body. She usually appears naked, arched over Geb, the Earth God.

Osiris: The God of fertility and resurrection. He takes the form of a mummy with the head of a live man. His face has a slight green cast.

Ptah: The God of creation and chief of the underworld. He takes the form of a mummified man with a shaved head or appears as a dwarf.

Ra: The Sun God. He takes the form of a man with the head of a falcon. As the Sun appears to move across the sky, so he travels through the sky. At night, he journeys through the underworld and his head takes the form of that of a ram.

Renenet: Goddess of prosperity and the home.

Sekhmet: Goddess of protection.

Selket: Goddess of scorpions; protector of the dead, travelers, and weather.

Seshat: Goddess of writing and patron of libraries.

Seth: God of storms and chaos.

Shu: Goddess of moisture.

Sobek: Crocodile God of lakes and protection.

Taweret: Hippo Goddess of childbirth.

Tefnut: God of air.

Thoth: God of knowledge, wisdom, and the moon.

Wadjet: Serpent Goddess of protection, children, and the land.

Wosret: The powerful woman.

Buddhist/Asian Gods and Goddesses

Buddha: The Awakened One. The Buddha takes many different forms. He often sits cross-legged and appears to be fat and happy. Sometimes he is golden in color.

Maitreya: The future Buddha. He takes the form of a man wearing a headdress and holding a white flower.

Quan Yin: The Goddess of mercy in the Japanese tradition. She also has cults all over China. She will protect you from danger. Newlyweds often pray to her for fertility. She is sometimes referred to as the Queen of Heaven. She is pictured sitting on a lotus, holding a vase full of the dew of compassion. In addition, she is associated with the willow tree.

Celtic Gods and Goddesses

Abarta: Warrior energy.

Aine: Goddess of love and fertility.

Amaethon: God of agriculture.

Aonghus: God of love.

Badb: Goddess of battle — one of the three faces of the Morrigan.

Belenus: Sun god.

Bran: God of sea voyages.

Bran the Blessed: God of the underworld.

Brigantia: Goddess of the water, war, healing, and prosperity.

Brigid: The Goddess of healing, inspiration, and craftspeople. She has great strength and can be called upon to help you endure hardship.

Cernunnos or Kernunnos: The Horned God. He takes the form of a man with the horns of a stag. He is the universal father. Sometimes he has three heads. He is the consort of the Lady. He is often called in Pagan rituals.

Cerridwen: The Goddess of the Moon, the harvest, and inspiration. She is often seen as a hag, stirring the cauldron of knowledge. It takes her a year and a day to prepare her brew — the same amount of time a witch studies between dedication and First Degree Initiation and between First Degree and Second Degree Initiation.

Dagda: Father God.

Danu (Anu)/Don: Mother Goddess.

Dian Cecht: God of healing.

Dylan: God of the seas.

Epona: Goddess of sweet water, fertility, and horses.

Herne: The God of the Underworld. He is the leader of the phantom hunt. He is usually depicted with the antlers of a stag.

Lir: God of the sea.

Lugh: God of the sun

Macha: Goddess of war — one of the faces of the Morrigan.

Morrigan: The Goddess of war, and vegetation. She is Queen of the demons and has three faces. In her warlike aspect, she takes the form of a bat with red eyebrows. She can also appear as a raven, crow, or horse. She will take care of the wrongdoing that someone has done.

Nemain: Goddess of war.

Nodens: God of healing.

Nuada: God of valor.

Ogma: The God of language and inspiration. He takes the form of a wise old man. He wears animal skins, and golden chains pour out of his mouth. He invented the Druidic alphabet.

Rhiannon: Goddess of suffering and patience.

Scathach: Goddess of marital arts and warrior-princess of the Land of Shadows.

Taliesin: Prophet and bard.

Tuatha de Danann: People of the Goddess of Dana

Norse Gods and Goddesses

Aegir: God of the sea.

Baba Yaga: Avenger of women.

Buri: Ancestor of the Gods.

Dazhbog: God of the sun.

Forseti: God of justice.

Freyja: The Goddess of love and fertility in the Norse tradition. She is a beautiful woman who drives a chariot drawn by cats. Sometimes she rides a golden boar.

Frigg: Queen of the Gods.

Gefion: Goddess of fertility.

Hel: Goddess of the underworld and the dead.

Huginn and Muninn: Ravens — thought and memory — belonging to Odin; messengers.

Idun: Goddess of youth and apples.

Jumala: Creator God of Finnish mythology.

Kied Kie Jubmel: Lord of the herds, stone God.

Leib-Olmai: Lord of the bears.

Loki: God of fire.

Luonnotar: Creatrix Goddess.

Madder-Akka and Madder-Atcha: Divine couple who created humankind.

Mati Syra Zemlya: Moist earth Goddess.

Menu: Moon Goddess.

Nerthus: Mother Goddess.

Njord: God of the sea.

Norns: Goddesses of fate — Urd (past), Verdandi (present), Skuld (future).

Odin: Father of the Gods; gifted in eloquence.

Perunu: God of thunder.

Potrimpo: God of fertility.

Rig: Watchman of the Gods.

Saule: Goddess of the sun.

Skadi: Goddess of vengeance and the hunt.

Svarazic: God of fire.

Tapio: God of the forest.

Thor: The God of thunderstorms and life force in the Norse tradition. He is a really big guy with a red beard. In his hands, which are sheathed in iron gloves, he carries a hammer. Two goats draw his chariot.

Tuoni: God of the dead.

Tyr (Tiwaz): God of the sky and bravery.

Valkyries: Female battle and shield maidens who take brave warriors to Valhalla, the idyllic abode of Odin's ghostly army.

Vidar: God of justice.

Other Gods and Goddesses frequently used in Wiccan Ritual

Araida: The Queen of the witches in the Italian tradition. She is very powerful and can be called on to protect any witch.

Astarte: The Goddess of love and war in the Middle Eastern tradition. She is very powerful and can be called on to protect any witch.

The Venus of Willendorf: The Goddess of fertility from prehistoric Europe. She has large breast and a big bottom and practically no arms or feet.

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