Fairy Flora and Trees

Foxglove: Name is derived from "Little Folks' Glove". Florets are worn by fairies as hats and gloves.

Primroses: Make the invisible visible. Eating them lets you see fairies. If one touches a fairy rock with the correct number of primroses in a posy, the way to fairyland and fairy gifts is made clear. The wrong number means certain doom.

Ragwort: Used as makeshift horses by the fairy.

Wild Thyme: Part of a recipe for a brew to make one see the fairies. The tops of the wild thyme must be gathered near the side of a fairy hill.

Cowslips: These are loved and protected by the fairies. They help one to find hidden fairy gold.

Pansies: The flower that was used as a love potion by Oberon, a fairy king thought to have been invented by Shakespeare.

Bluebell: One who hears a bluebell ring will soon die. A field of bluebells is especially dangerous, as it is intricately interwoven with fairy enchantments.

Clover: A four-leafed one may be used to break a fairy spell.

St. John's Wort: Protects against fairy spells and is also used as a healing herb.

Hazel: Celtic legend says it is the receptacle of knowledge; the hazelnut is a symbol of fertility in England.

Rowan: Protects against bad spirits. Used in butter churns so that the butter would not be overlooked by fairies. Bewitched horses may be controlled by a rowan whip. Druids used rowan wood for fires with which they called up spirits whom could be forced to answer questions when rowan-berries were spread over the flayed hides of bulls.

Blackthorn: Guarded by the Lunantishee.

Oak: Oakmen are created when a felled oak stump sends up shoots. One should never take food offered by them since it is poisonous.

Willow: At night they uproot themselves and stalk travelers, muttering at them.

Elder: Sometimes is a witch disguised as a tree. Never lay a baby in an elder wood cradle or the fairies will pinch them so they bruise. Burning elder wood is dangerous since it invites the Devil.

Birch: If the spirit of the birch tree (The One With the White Hand) touches a head it leaves a white mark and the person turns insane. If it touches a heart, the person will die.

Alder: Protected by water spirits.

Apple: To ensure good harvests, leave the last apple of your crop for the Apple-Tree-Man.

Ash: Druids wands were made of ash twigs. It also has healing properties. Weak-limbed children were passed through split ash trees which were then bound up. If the tree grew straight, the child would as well. Also may be used as a substitute for Rowan.

Toadstools: Some have poisonous hallucinogenic properties. The Vikings ate it and gain their reputations as berserkers. In Celtic lore, they are among the food of the gods, as with many red plants. Some toadstools associated with the fairy are Fly Agaric, Yellow Fairy Club, Slender Elf Cap, Dune Pixie-Hood, and Dryad's Saddle.

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